Writer: 이은진 (Eun Jin Lee)
The human rights in school has always been unhappy one. Recent incidents such as a middle school girl assaulted by fellow classmate, a school teacher assaulted by group of students, suicide caused by bullying show the severity of the problem. Although schools should be educating basic human rights and dignity of every human being, those problems are plaguing the whole nation.
Human Rights Lesson(2018), written by Eunjin Lee who had worked as a teacher for almost 20 years, shows how human rights education should be taught in school environment. It points out widespread misunderstanding and limitation of current human rights education and deals with effective educational tools. The ideal human right lesson in school can be summarized as follows.
First, it should be done independently and should be an education for its own sake. The human rights education is often used as a vehicle for raising good children. In other cases, it is often labeled with disadvantaged group such as “disabilities human rights education” or “multi-cultural human rights education”. Of course, it is nothing wrong with using human rights education to prevent school violence or to protect minority. However, the author maintains that the human rights education should not be a means towards those greater ends, but an end in itself.
Next, it should be permeating into our daily life. While it is important to include human rights education in regular curriculum, what’s more important is to educate human rights in interaction between student and teachers. In other words, rather than teaching students on broad issues like poverty, terrorism and violation of human rights worldwide, students grasp the concept of human rights through teacher’s acceptance of diversity and equal treatment.
Lastly, author concludes the human rights lesson with the comment that student rights and teacher’s authority are not opponent but are partners each other. Some people say that banning physical punishment in school will violate teacher’s educational authority. However, author points out that neither teacher’s right or student rights are respected in the school. In Korean society, not only students but also teachers are forced to behave in certain ways – dress up moderately, remain politically neutrally and so on. The educators who are not respected human rights and autonomy cannot respect other students. Therefore, the author argues that education environment in which every individual are respected should be first established to solve this problem.
I paid close attention to the Human Rights Lesson(2018) because human rights education is one of the major project that we, Human Asia is working on. There was a consensus on necessity of human right educations, but there were not a lot of books dealing with how to teach human rights. I was able to learn cautions on human rights educations and effective educational tools. Since it is written by elementary school teacher, it is focused on early human rights education. Now I would like to learn how it should be done to other age groups- junior high, high school students and adults. I also thought that human rights education requires more attention and researches for further development.
I hope that one day, respectful educational environment where students and teachers can enjoy human rights can be established.
Cast: Liya Kebede, Sally Hawkins, Craig Parkinson, Meera Syal, Anthony Mackie
“Desert Flower” is about Waris Dirie, who was top model and human activist at the same time. Born in the desert of Somalia as a poor nomade tribe, she escaped from forced marriage on her age of 13 and manage to settle in London. She found her job as a housekeeper in Somalia embassy, but she was at risk of going back to Somalia due to civil war. But, then she met her best friend Marlin who helped her get a new job in fast food restaurant. There, she ran into another luck when she met famous photographer and she became a top model.
So far, one might think that this is just the story of an African woman’s rags to riches story. However, there was a traumatic and painful experience that young Waris Dirie had to endure- she was circumcised as a child. She now realizes how the things that once taken for granted are actually unjustified and felt shame. To make matters worse, she turned out to be illegal immigrants in UK, which provoked controversy.
The highlight of the film starts from here. She no longer obeys to those traditional practice which suppressed young women for a long time. She started to speak up for the women’s human right. She spoke for the first time on cruel practice done on young ladies and she was the victim as well.
Waris Dirie overcame the difficulty and she was herself, a desert flower. She contributed to raising awareness on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) around the world. This film is sending a loud applause not to her “success”, but to her “courage”.
Recently, there has been a lot of courageous confession which was seen in me too campaign. This will become driving force toward changing the world. I hope that one day, all the women will be free from any suppression such as FGM, rape or sexual assault.
(주)노아종합상사, (주)부원공업, (주)파라다이스, (주)대덕휴비즈, 트리코인베스트먼트(주), 의료법인 오해븐의료재단, 재단법인 정암, 한국외국인학교, 일동제약 CSR, 상명여중 휴먼라이트, 압구정중 Right Helpers, 청심국제중 CS 휴라시아, Korea International Human Rights, 신동 휴라시아, 숭의 휴라시아, 한성 휴라시아, 아시아퍼시픽국제학교 휴먼아시아피스, 대원휴라시아, HAHR, 서울과학고 휴라시아, 하나 휴라시아, S.C.C.W, S.A.W. 세화고등학교 휴라시아, 원촌중학교